The Munich Agreement Of 1938 Was Precipitated By A Crisis Over

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On 22 September, Chamberlain, who wanted to travel to Bad Godesberg for further conversations just before his plane to Germany, told the press who met him there that “my goal is peace in Europe, I hope this journey is the way to that peace.” [32] Chamberlain came to Cologne, where he received a big reception with a German band that played “God Save the King” and Germans who offered flowers and gifts to Chamberlain. [32] Chamberlain had calculated that full acceptance of the German annexation of all Sudetenland without reduction would force Hitler to accept the agreement. [32] When Hitler heard, he replied, “Does this mean that the Allies have accepted the transfer of the Sudetenland to Germany?”, Chamberlain replied “Exactly,” to which Hitler replied by shaking his head, saying that the Allies` offer was insufficient. He told Chamberlain that he wanted Czechoslovakia to be completely dissolved and its territories redistributed to Germany, Poland and Hungary, and told Chamberlain to take them or leave them. [32] Chamberlain was upset by this statement. [32] Hitler added to Chamberlain that the assassination of Germans since his last meeting, 15 Czechoslovakia, of which Hitler was part of the assassination of Germans, made the situation unbearable for Germany. [32] The Munich quotation in foreign policy debates is also common in the 21st century. [107] During negotiations on the Iran nuclear deal by Secretary of State John Kerry, a Republican representative from Texas called the negotiations “worse than Munich.” In a speech in France, Kerry himself referred to Munich for military action in Syria: “This is our munich moment.” [108] In May 1938, it was known that Hitler and his generals were drawing up a plan for the occupation of Czechoslovakia. The Czechoslovakians needed military help from France, with which they had an alliance. The Soviet Union also had a treaty with Czechoslovakia, and it expressed its willingness to cooperate with France and Great Britain when it decided to come and defend Czechoslovakia, but the Soviet Union and its potential services were ignored throughout the crisis In a last-minute attempt to avoid a war, Chamberlain proposed to immediately convene a four-way conference to face the dispute. Hitler agreed, and on 29 September, Hitler, Chamberlain, Daladier and Italian dictator Benito Mussolini met in Munich. The meeting in Munich began shortly before 1 p.m. Hitler could not hide his anger at not having to comply with the fact that he was going to the Sudetenland on the day he himself had attached to the head of his army, and none of his interlocutors dared to insist that the two Czech diplomats who were waiting in a Munich hotel be admitted to the conference room or consulted on the agenda.

Mussolini nevertheless introduced a written plan that was accepted by all as a Munich agreement. (Many years later, it was discovered that the so-called Italian plan had been developed at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.) This was almost identical to Godesberg`s proposal: the Bundeswehr was to complete the occupation of the Sudetenland by 10 October and an international commission had to decide the future of other controversial areas.

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