“We have not abandoned the principle of free and fair trade. The government is very clear that “Atmanirbhar Bharat” is neither protectionist nor isolationist. It`s about bringing our actions together in order to improve domestic production of manufactured goods, benefit from better integration with the global value chain, and ensure fair trade,” the source said. Each country adapts its policy to its best interest and we are no different,” he added. Turkey has signed bilateral and multilateral agreements: the signing of the ASEAN-India Agreement on Trade in Goods paves the way for the creation of one of the largest free trade agreements in the world, a market of nearly 1.8 billion people, with a combined GDP of $2.8 trillion. The ASEAN-India FREE TRADE AGREEMENT provides for tariff liberalization of more than 90% of products traded between the two dynamic regions, including so-called “special” products such as palm oil (raw and refined), coffee, black tea and pepper. Tariffs on more than 4,000 product lines will be eliminated at the earliest in 2016. “The overall impact on Indian exports to the partners with whom the agreements have been signed is 13.4 per cent for industrial products and 10.9 per cent for the whole product. The overall impact on imports is less, with 12.7 percent for industrial products and 8.6 percent for the entire product,” it was said. Bilateral agreements with South Korea, Japan and Sri Lanka are the only ones for which the percentage increase in imports is higher than that of exports, the survey added. It is important that the economic survey for 2019-20 highlighted that free trade agreements are generally beneficial for India. Between 1993 and 2018, India`s exports of industrial products grew by an annual average of 13.4 percent annually to partners with whom it has trade agreements, and such imports increased by 12.7 percent, it said. In comparison, total exports of goods increased by an average of 10.9% during this period and imports by 8.6%. Second, just because imports have grown faster than exports does not mean that India has been harmed.
India is Indian, and thanks to free trade, Indians have access to more and cheaper goods. In the past, for example, the volatile price of edible oils has been a constant source of stress for Indian households and one of the main drivers of consumer price inflation. Thanks to simple imports, this is no longer true. While the ASEAN-India Free Trade Agreement has many advantages, India is concerned that the agreement could have several negative effects on the economy. As has already been said, both regions want to reduce their tariffs on a large part of their traded goods. This will allow them to improve market access for their products. There is criticism, however, that India will not see as significant an increase in market access for ASEAN countries as ASEAN in India.  The economies of ASEAN countries are largely export-oriented and maintain high export rates (in 2007, Malaysia had a rate above 100%).  Given the above, as well as the global financial crisis and India`s expansionary domestic market, ASEAN countries will be eager to see India as a hotbed for its exports.  In tourism, the number of visits from ASEAN to India in 2006 was 277,000, while the number of visits from India to ASEAN was 1.985 million in 2008.